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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 42-54

The results analysis of complete blood count during the first half of 2015 at the Central Child Teaching Hospital in Baghdad.

1 MD. M.B.Ch.B. F.I.C.M.S/Hematopathology ,Senior Specialized Hematopathologist, Manager of the Hematology Unit, Laboratory Department / Central Child Teaching Hospital ,Baghdad ,Iraq
2 BMLT, Laboratory technician / Hematology Unit, Laboratory Department / Central Child Teaching Hospital ,Baghdad ,Iraq

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Background: Complete blood count (CBC) is the most commonly requested test by physicians. The central child teaching hospital is the second largest pediatric hospital in IRAQ. We review the CBC for the first half of 2015 at that hospital. Objectives: this study was arranged to explore the prevalence of anemia, leucocytosis, leucopenia, thrombocytosis, thrombocytopenia, using automated CBC counter Emerald & Ruby Abbott for outpatient and inpatients respectively. Patients and methods: A retrospective study included a total of 19341 patient attended central child teaching hospital (from the 1st of January -1st of July 2015). All of them did complete blood picture test using ruby Abbott and emerald Abbott hematology autoanalyzer, 14418 of them were inpatients and 4723 patients attended to the outpatient clinic . Results: the results were analyzed as anemia, leucocytosis, leucopenia, thrombocytosis, thrombocytopenia for the whole patients and for each month to the inpatients so that to analyze the result according to season. Anemia was seen more commonly in the inpatients (30.79%) than the outpatient (20.8%). Leucopenia was seen more in outpatients (17.15%) than in inpatients (8.1%), while leukocytosis shown to be (10.8%) of inpatients and 2% of outpatients. Thrombocytopenia was (8.3%) of inpatient and (3.1%) of outpatients. Regarding the monthly incidence we found that the highest percentage of anemia in outpatients seen at May (42%), while the lowest was seen at January (19.76%).Leucocytosis and thrombocytosis both showed the highest percentage at January (19.76%), (15.29%) respectively. Conclusion : anemia, leucocytosis, and thrombocytosis seen in inpatients more than outpatients ,leucopenia seen in outpatients more than inpatients ,thrombocytosis showed near results for in and out patients but a little higher for inpatients.

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