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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 60-64

The impact of Helicobacter pylori infection on iron deficiency anemia in pregnancy

1 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, College of Medicine, Al-Mustansiriya University, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Eaman Marouf Muhammad
Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijh.ijh_19_17

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Background: Anemia in pregnancy has different adverse effects on pregnancy outcome, and iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is the most common cause of anemia during pregnancy. Recent studies have suggested an association between Helicobacter pylori and IDA during pregnancy. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of H. pylori infection on IDA in pregnancy. Patients And Methods: This was a case–control study carried out at Al-Yarmouk Teaching Hospital between January 1 and August 1, 2016. The study included 100 pregnant women divided into two groups: control group with normal hemoglobin (Hb) and a study group with IDA. Both groups were subjected to H. Pylori test. Results: The mean Hb level of the patients was 9.4 ± 0.8 g/dl. Fifty cases had an Hb level <11 g/dl and fifty cases with Hb ≥11 gm/dl. Thirty-two percentage of the study group were seropositive for anti-H. pylori IgA compared to 4% of the control group, and this difference was statistically significant at P < 0.001. Conclusion: There was a positive correlation between IDA during pregnancy and H. pylori-positive cases.

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