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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 139-144

Coagulopathy in hospitalized COVID-19 patients: A single-center experience

1 Department of Haematology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital, Medical City, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Marwa Kasim Ahmed
Department of Haematology, Baghdad Teaching Hospital Medical City, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijh.ijh_33_22

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BACKGROUND: The coronavirus disease pandemic had spread across all countries. SARS-COV-2 infected up to date millions of people and the threat remains there for others. A lot of SARS-19-infected people with critically ill symptoms admitted to intensive care facilities had developed respiratory failure, coagulopathy, and organ failure. AIMS: The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence and risk factors associated with coagulopathy in COVID-19 patients who were admitted to the Private Nursing Home Hospital in Baghdad/Iraq. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A case series study was conducted in the Nursing Home Hospital in Baghdad, Iraq, from October 2020 to December 2021. A total of 150 cases were included in this study with confirmed COVID-19 infection by polymerase chain reaction of throat or nose swab. These patients were admitted to two isolation wards (isolation intensive care unit for critical cases and medical ward isolation unit for moderately severe cases). Baseline and follow-up characteristics and laboratory parameters of coagulopathy (blood counts, prothrombin time [PT], partial thromboplastin time, D-dimers, and plasma fibrinogen) were obtained for each patient. The ISARIC 4C has been used for risk stratification (4C Mortality Score is a prognostic model for clinical deterioration among hospitalized adults with community-acquired or hospital-acquired COVID-19, it is used for stratifying and predicting mortality in COVID-19 patients on arrival in hospital). RESULTS: The mean age across patients was 56.6 ± 15.7 years (range: 14–90 years). Males were representing the majority of cases (63.3%) with a male-to-female ratio of 2:1. The mean 4C score of patients was 10.3 ± 4.9 (range: 0–20 points). The risk group stratification showed that many patients had high risk (42.7%), and only 10.7% of patients had low scores. There were 86 (57.3%) patients who developed coagulopathy during the follow-up period and 46.7% of total patients died. There was a significant association between developing coagulopathy with higher risk group and death in COVID-19 patients (P < 0.05), while age and gender did not demonstrate a significant association. Furthermore, there was a significant association between respiratory failure, patients with cancer, patients with stroke, higher computed tomography lung involvement, lower SPO2, the presence of shock, and pulmonary embolism with the development of coagulopathy (P < 0.05). There were significant higher baseline levels of the neutrophil count, PT, D-dimer, and ferritin among patients who developed coagulopathy, while there were significant lower baseline levels of platelet count and serum albumin among patients who developed coagulopathy. CONCLUSIONS: The development of coagulopathy in the course of severe SARS-COV-2 infection is associated with different severity biomarkers and is associated with excessive mortality.

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