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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 163-169

Increased thrombomodulin level in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy

1 Department of Laboratory, Children Welfare Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq
2 Department of Pathology and Forensic Medicine, College of Medicine, Al-Nahrain University, Baghdad, Iraq

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Zainab Abdul Abbas Hashim
Department of Laboratory, Children Welfare Teaching Hospital, Baghdad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/ijh.ijh_46_22

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BACKGROUND: Endothelial dysfunction is a likely pathogenic mechanism in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy leading to a hypercoagulable state. OBJECTIVE: The present study aims to measure thrombomodulin (TM) in patients with preeclampsia (PE) and gestational hypertension (GH) and compare them with healthy pregnant control and its relation to disease severity and associated hematological parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was done for 80 participants, 30 preeclamptic, 30 GH patients, and 20 healthy age-matched pregnant from all TM assays were done in by an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Other hematological parameters including complete blood count, prothrombin time, and activated partial thromboplastin time where assessed in these patients. RESULTS: TM level was significantly higher in patients with PE when compared to both women with GH and normal pregnant women (P = 0.009) and (P < 0.001), respectively. Likewise, TM level was significantly higher in patients with GH when compared to healthy pregnant controls (P = 0.034). Plasma TM level was found to be 77% sensitive and 75% specific for the diagnosis of PE (the area under the curve was 0.835) at a 95% confidence interval. CONCLUSION: TM is significantly elevated in pregnant women with PE and GH and is associated with the severity of the disease.

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